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Day Hiking: Everything You Need to Know to Get Started

If you鈥檙e looking for a new way to get fit, reduce stress, find inspiration or share quality time with your family, a walk in the woods could be the perfect solution. Besides burning hundreds of calories per hour,聽studies have shown that hiking can also decrease tension, boost your mood, and increase your energy level. For families, a day hike is a wonderful opportunity to spend some quality time together away from the computer or TV screen.

Whether you鈥檙e looking to reap the health benefits of hiking or want a fun family activity, do a little homework to make your first day hike a success. To get you started, here are a few pointers to help you plan your trip, pack the right gear, dress for the outdoors, and stay safe on the trail.

Where to go

The first thing to do is choose a destination.聽For聽inspiration, check out聽The 20 Best Hikes in the United States.

A state park can be the best place to start, like Tannehill Ironworks State Park.
A state park can be the best place to start, like Tannehill Ironworks State Park. Rain0975

Choosing a trail

Once you鈥檝e picked a place for a day hike, you need to pick a particular trail or route. Many places have short trails that you can walk in less than an hour, as well as longer paths that will take you a few hours or most of a day. In addition, you鈥檒l probably find that different trails with a variety of terrain, from flat ground to rolling hills to steep slopes. When you first start get into hiking, go for something that鈥檚 a littler easier and on the shorter side.

Keep in mind the types of people who will be hiking and what they can handle physically. If the hike will include kids, folks who are out of shape, or people with physical limitations, avoid strenuous trails with steep ups and downs. Some parks and other natural areas have maps that indicate the difficulty levels of certain trails, but you can also consult online guides and guidebooks, or get advice from a park ranger once you get there.

When you鈥檙e estimating what people can handle or how far they can hike, be conservative. First-time hikers often try to tackle more than they can handle, and they often don鈥檛 have a good idea of their pace. In general, you will probably be able to hike about 2-3 miles per hour, but your pace will slow considerably on trails with lots of hills.

Some trails have a variety of surfaces, so think about who is going to be hiking with you when choosing a trail.
    Marcus Woolf
Some trails have a variety of surfaces, so think about who is going to be hiking with you when choosing a trail. Marcus Woolf

What to Wear

Dress in layers

The key to staying comfortable outdoors is to avoid getting too hot or too cold. If you carry multiple layers, you can add or remove garments during your hike to adjust for changes in weather or your body temperature. Remember that you鈥檙e going to warm up quickly as your start hiking, so it鈥檚 okay to start out being a bit cool. If you hit the trail wearing all of your layers, you will probably get hot very quickly. You also have to take into consideration elevation (if applicable). The temperature can change about 5 degrees per 1,000 feet, so keep that in mind if you are going up from lower elevations for your hike.

*Pro Tip: *Stash a lightweight waterproof jacket in your pack, just in case you get cold or unforeseeable weather rolls in.

Ditch the cotton clothes

You should avoid wearing any type of clothing made only of cotton, whether it鈥檚 underwear or a T-shirt. When cotton gets wet, it holds the moisture and takes a long time to dry, and in cold weather having damp clothes can rob you of body heat. Most outdoor clothing companies make items that blend cotton with synthetic materials or wool which will dry quickly and function well outdoors.

Choosing the right shoes

You don鈥檛 have to buy an expensive pair of hiking shoes, but wear something that provides good traction and stability on uneven ground with rocks and roots. Depending on the trail you choose, regular sneakers or trail shoes could work. If your ankles get injured easily, consider boots that rise above your ankles.

If you do go out and buy new hiking shoes made of thick leather or other stiff material, break them in gradually, rather than wearing the for the first time on a long hike (to prevent blisters).

Pro Tip: While waterproof systems like Gore-Tex will keep out water, they don鈥檛 work well in high humidity, and the waterproof material will trap hot air and moisture in your footwear. Moisture on your feet = blisters.

Make sure to break in your new hiking shoes before you go out on a hiking adventure.
    Marcus Woolf
Make sure to break in your new hiking shoes before you go out on a hiking adventure. Marcus Woolf

Choosing a backpack

Even if you are hiking just a few miles, a pack can be helpful in lightening your load. It also allows you to bring a couple extra items (like a jacket and gloves) just in case. For shorter day hikes, you won鈥檛 need anything too big鈥攋ust enough for the basics. The most important feature is the fit, so make sure you try it on first. There are also packs designed specifically for men, women, and children, and packs that include hydration bladders with a tube that comes out of the pack and clips up by your shoulder, so you don鈥檛 even have to stop to get a drink.

Other Gear

For your first few hikes, you won鈥檛 need much else besides water and a snack or two, but as you get braver and want to venture out further, it could be helpful to pick up a few more things:

路 First Aid Kit

路 Headlamp

路 Map or compass as a backup if your phone dies

路 Multi-tool or knife

路 Firestarter

On the Trail


One of the most important things you can do on the trail is to stay hydrated. Plan to carry all the water that you will need for the day鈥攖ypically one or two quarts, depending on the weather (you might need more for hot, humid conditions). Don鈥檛 count on getting water from streams, unless you confirm that they鈥檙e flowing, and always filter or treat water taken from a natural source.聽 Try adding a drink mix, like Everly, to your water to make it taste good and keep you drinking enough.聽

Hiking with kids

If you鈥檙e going to hike with kids, get them involved in the planning to build up excitement, and get them a small backpack to carry some "gear", even if it鈥檚 just a water bottle and a snack.

When you hike with young kids, plan to go a relatively short distance. It鈥檚 pretty easy for kids to get worn out and bored, so, try to find a trail that gives you the goal of reaching something impressive, whether it鈥檚 a waterfall, cave, or other cool feature. If that鈥檚 not possible, make a list of things for the kids to find and do a scavenger during the hike, or go on a聽geocaching adventure鈥攁 hi-tech treasure hunt where you use a GPS or smartphone to locate a hidden object or container, known as a cache.

Because kids are unpredictable, it鈥檚 important to be flexible when hiking with them. If they don鈥檛 want to continue, you鈥檙e better off cutting the trip short, rather than forcing them to be miserable to reach some planned goal or destination.

With so many hiking options, sometimes the hardest part is choosing one!
With so many hiking options, sometimes the hardest part is choosing one! Rob Briscoe

Staying Safe

Above all else, you want to be safe and be able to have fun. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

路 Check the weather and change your plans if necessary

路 Tell a friend or family member where you are going and when you should be back

路 Don鈥檛 go out alone

路 Take a whistle in case you need to signal for help

Stay on the trail and grab a map or take a picture of the trailhead before you set out.

Enjoy your time in the outdoors!

Written by Marcus Woolf聽

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